Rebelliousness, irritability, and fear are characteristic of adolescence, although when they are combined with impulsive reactions, isolation, substance abuse, and lack of self-confidence, they can be signs of the presence of a borderline personality disorder (BPD).
It is a group of disorders of psychiatry and psychology that is characterized by alterations in behavior, but not in judgment, so they have preserved thinking. But they do have behavioral changes such as suicide attempts, addictions, or rebellion.
Young boys who are taken for being rebellious, and impulsive, have a self-image or self-confidence disorder underneath and, therefore, have a significant problem of immaturity.
In this sense, the cause of the appearance of this disorder is due to a biological-genetic predisposition, but also due to educational factors that have to do with the absence of healthy bonds in childhood, situations of abuse or abuse, bullying, substance use in early adolescence or having suffered from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood.
It is closely related to bullying because in most cases they present either some type of abuse in childhood, a situation of detachment, or problems of ‘bullying’ around the ages of 10 and 12. This is important and is significant when it comes to knowing when to start prevention, commented the expert.
However, and as a result of the fact that these signs are often confused with the personality of adolescence, only a third of those affected receive adequate treatment.
The expert has recognized that BPD has not been treated “well” by the medical community because, as there are no thought disorders, they have been considered to be only “stubborn, annoying and, at times, defiant” people. The appropriate treatment, which allows a normal life during adulthood, consists of continuous care, psychotherapy, and intense psychological rehabilitation, both for the patient and her own family, which plays a “very important” role in the development, maintenance, and evolution of the disorder and also needs “a lot of help and advice” because they are young “very difficult to manage”.
In addition, and especially at the beginning of therapy, pharmacological treatment is also required to control and improve mood, reduce anxiety and produce emotional stabilization so that the patient does not react in an “explosive” way. The earlier this disorder is detected, the better the treatment, which requires time and needs to be carried out in an affective bond through the therapeutic team that helps the patient to promote self-knowledge of emotions, identity, self-image, and, in addition, It teaches you skills to regulate emotions, control behavior, and improve social skills.